Dr H D Mahar*, Miss Divya Mahar@ and Shri Durgesh Mahar!
* RG PG College Ambikapur Surguja CG India (Tel.91 7587241108)
& Univers Research Center Ledari MDGR Korea CG India
@ SSB Model College Ambikapur Surguja CG India
! MRS College , Devi Ahilya University Indore MP India
Elephants are larger animal living in tuft. Feeding agricultural crops of tribal and are suffering from habitate loss. This paper deals with the minimization of man elephant conflict.
Elephant and bear both were friends in History and Ethics.
Modernization made it ecological competition or conflict
Pantheism and Public problems which struggle Indian elephants. Social biology , is of course, Sociology. But more than that Love of wild life.
Root cause of elephant problem is Parthenium i. e. American grass. Spreading fifty time more than Cyanodon declylon i.e.. Doob grass !
And Allergic to respiratory like soft animal tissue. Makes Animal irritated , plus Shortage of food. This Paper is a theorem based , i.e. Over feed animal, never attacks . and rests to digest and leaves even to it’s natural food.. Therefore ! Feed them full to avoid bad news.
Surguja forest lies Tribal belt in between 23°37'25" to 24°6'17" north latitude and 81°34'40" to 84°4'40" east longitude. 244.62 kilometres (152.00 mi) long east to west and 67.37 kilometres (41.86 mi) broad north to south, this land has as area of about 16,359 square kilometres (6,316 sq mi). (1)
Whole literature and practical obervatons and calculation of Frequency Density, abundance , IVI , and biodiversity index like ecological parameters of parthenium was studied (2)
The Animal behavior ,in Social biology, with reference to medieval history and ethical evidences deal with the love of holy lives like Elephant , basically Herbivorous (now cruel) , and black bear (Melursus ursus) beaing family of Canis –Vulpis , Now changing to Harbivory living on Sycamore fruit i.e. Ficus glomerata and Mahuwa (Madhca indica , Sapotacea ) . If the Plantation of all local speceises Air layering propagation of Ficus spiciness for the fodder of Elephants and bears .
For optimum rooting, make air layers in the spring on shoots produced during the previous season or in mid-summer on mature shoots from the current season’s growth.
On woody plants, stems of pencil size or larger are best. The stem may be much thicker on the more herbaceous plants Method of wounding woody plants such as fig, banyan and boe and similar plants. With a sharp knife, make two parallel cuts about 1 1/2 inches apart around the stem and through the bark and cambium layer. Connect the two parallel cuts with one long cut and remove the ring of bark leaving the inner woody tissue exposed Method of wounding plants having less woody stems in preparation for air layering. Banyan plant, ( Ficus benghaalensis and Ficus religiiosa) With a sharp knife, make a long upward cut from 1 1/2 to 2 inches long, almost to the center of the stem. Insert a twisted piece of sphagnum moss into the wound to hold it open and prevent cut tissue from reuniting. At this point, the wounded area may be dusted with one of the commercial rooting compounds to speed up the rooting process. Such compounds, however, do not insure root production on difficult-to-root varieties. We would apply a handful of damp sphagnum moss so that it envelopes the wounded portion of the stem. Tying the moss in place with string helps to keep it in position while completing the process. The sphagnum moss would be soaked several hours to insure that it is thoroughly moist. Squeeze out surplus water before using, since excessive moisture will result in decay and deterioration of the plant tissue. Using a sheet of polyethylene film approximately 6" X 12" or 8" X 12", depending upon the size of the plant stem, wrap the ball of sphagnum moss using the butchers fold (see insert) to secure a tight seal where the two ends of the sheet are joined.. We will draw the upper end of the film snugly around stem making sure that none of the moss is exposed. We will Fasten securely with electricians tape, taking care that the tape extends beyond the film and adheres to the stem. Repeat the procedure on the lower end, again making sure there is a snug fit. Moisture must not escape and excess moisture must not enter when watering or syringing the plants. Support the plant with stake or splint to prevent breakage at the wounded area. After the new roots have penetrated the moss ball and are visible on all sides, the rooted branch may be removed from the parent plant. The rooting time will vary with plant variety as well as the season in which it is performed. Remove the newly rooted plant from the parent plant with a sharp knife or pruning shears, making the cut just below the ball of moss and roots. (Not illustrated) Carefully remove the polyethylene film. Without disturbing the roots or removing the ball of moss, plant in a container using a good potting mixture or plant in a well-prepared soil bed.Placing a polyethylene tent over the newly potted plant for 4 to 8 days until the root system is well established is helpful as it will aid in preventing excessive loss of moisture. Keep the plant under a light shade and avoid direct sunlight until the new root system is well developed.. Many plants are lost in the final stage of the process because the root system is not sufficiently developed to sustain the top portion of the new plant. By utilizing the plastic tent ,by keeping the new plant in a humid environment, it is possible to develop a good root system on rather large cuttings. Once the plant is well established, it is best to harden off the foliage by gradually exposing it to normal atmosphere. This can be done by cutting a few holes every few days in the plastic tent to reduce the humidity until it is similar to the external atmosphere.